Population 2019: 83 million
GDP 2019: 3.44 billion EUR
GDP per capita 2019: 41,340 EUR
Taxation for Lotteries: 16,67% on turnover
Charity lotteries allowed:
Only under strict conditions

LEGISLATION

Germany is comprised of sixteen federal states, which collectively referred to as Bundesländer. Each state has its constitution and is mostly autonomous regarding its internal organisation. Hence, there used to be little to no uniformity regarding games of chance legislation and no German Gambling authority or any sort.

In January 2012, in an attempt to better combat illegal/online gambling, Schleswig-Holstein (one of the Bundesländer) passed an extremely liberal gambling law that enabled online operators to apply licences for most games of chance such as sports bets, poker and casino games. The other fifteen German federal states passed the reformed Interstate Treaty on Gambling 2012 (ISTG). Although the ISTG lead to an increase in liberalisation, it also maintained the state monopoly for various games such as lotteries. So with regards to lottery games, there was little to no liberalisation.

At the beginning of 2020, the latest version of the ISTG came into force, allowing an unlimited number of sports betting licenses to be issued. The ISTG will expire in June 2021, so the state legislators have until then to pass a new Treaty. However, expected is that this ISTG is to provide more liberalisation for games of chance in general.

As stated above, the ISTG maintained the monopoly model of the state lotteries. While most countries only have one state lottery, Germany actually has 16: one for every state, which operate in unison under Deutsche Lotto- und Totoblock (DLTB). All of these state lotteries are allowed to conduct their businesses across Germany. Instead of an independent gaming authority, regional councils are entrusted with licensing and supervision in their jurisdiction. In addition to these state lotteries, Klassenlotterien (class lotteries) and Soziallotterien (social lotteries) exist.

 

OTHER LOTTERIES

Deutsche Postcode Lotterie

The Deutsche Postcode Lotterie launched in 2016 and established to raise funds and increase awareness of charities across Germany. At least 30 per cent of the lottery’s turnover is reserved to aid local and regional projects that benefit society across Germany, emphasising education, social cohesion, human rights, animal welfare, and nature conservation. The lottery raised 19,5 million EUR in 2019 to benefit charities across Germany.

Aktion Mensch

This charity lottery primarily seeks to advocate social inclusion across Germany, focusing on improving the living conditions of persons with disabilities. In total, they distributed 37 per cent of their turnover to good causes, which amounted to 175 million EUR in 2018.

Fernsehlotterie

Since its establishment in 1956, the Fernsehlotterie has supported over 9300 different projects and raised over 2 billion EUR. Most of those projects focus primarily on social aspects, such as reducing social disadvantages or improving living conditions. Of the total turnover, at last 30 per cent is used to aid these projects, which amounted to almost 48 million EUR in 2019, contributing to 368 local projects.

In addition to the above two lotteries, Deutsche Sport Lotterie and Freiheit+ are also active in Germany. While the latter of the two has only started recently (Q1 2020), the Deutsche Sport Lotterie has been around for a while and primarily uses its funds to aid athletes. However, there is not much information about how much they have distributed.

 

OTHER LOTTERIES

German Lotto and Totoblock (DLTB)

There are 16 state lotteries in Germany that all operate in unison under the German Lotto and Totoblock (DLTB) banner. Of these, Lotto 6aus9 is the largest, accounting for a 3,5 billion EUR turnover in 2019. The total turnover of all the state lotteries amounted to 7,3 billion EUR in that same year. Of this, 2,94 billion EUR contributed to charitable causes (sports, culture, civil-, monument- and environmental protection).

Gemeinsame Klassenlotterie der Länder (GKL)

In addition to the state lotteries, there are two class lotteries: the Nordwestdeutsche Klassenlotterie and Suddeutsche Klassenlotterie. However, no data could be found on either of these lotteries as they do not publish annual reports.