Population 2019: 67 million
GDP 2019: 2285 billion EUR
GDP per capita 2019: 36,060 EUR
Taxation for Lotteries: None
Charity lotteries allowed
No

LEGISLATION

Like many other European countries, France has a monopoly model that supports the state lottery; Française des Jeux (FDJ), the only legal provider of lottery games. The L’autorité nationale de régulation des jeux en ligne (ARJEL) always regulated online gambling in France. In contrast, the Ministry of the Interior and Ministery of the Economy and Finance regulated the casinos, horse racing and lottery games.

In October 2019, France introduced new gambling regulations including the creation of a new national gambling authority called L’autorité nationale des jeux (ANJ) to replace the ARJEL. Under these new regulations, ANJ will act as a single body to oversee gambling in the entire country. On the 4th of March 2020, this transition of power was formalised, with the expectation that ANJ will fully replace ARJEL late 2020.

The need for a new gambling authority became necessary due to the government's plans of privatising those mentioned above only legal provider of lottery games in France: Française des Jeux (FDJ). In December 2019, the French state followed through with these plans and sold 72 per cent of its stake in FDJ: generating 1,89 billion EUR for the treasury. Three months after the French state also extended FDJ's exclusive right to organise lotteries in France for 25 years for a lump sum payment of 380 million EUR.

OTHER LOTTERIES

Française des Jeux

Due to France’s monopolist structure, FDJ is the only legal provider of lotteries. In addition to lottery games, they also offer other draw games (Lotto, Superloto, Joker, Keno, Rapido and Euromillions), scratch games and sports betting. It is also the second-largest provider of games of chance in Europe, with an annual turnover of 17,2 billion EUR (2019). Of the proceeds, a maximum of 73 million EUR and 38 million EUR respectively is distributed to two sport-related funds: the ANS and CNDS. Some of FDJ's profit is also used for sponsorships and legally required remittances. In FDJ's case, the French state is its most significant beneficiary: receiving 3,8 billion EUR in 2019.