Germany

 

Population 2019: 83 million
GDP 2019: 3.44 billion EUR
GDP per capita 2019: 41,340 EUR
Taxation for Lotteries: 16,67% on turnover
Charity lotteries allowed: Only under strict conditions

 

LEGISLATION

Germany is comprised of sixteen federal states, which collectively referred to as Bundesländer. Each state has its constitution and is mostly autonomous regarding its internal organisation. Hence, there used to be little to no uniformity regarding games of chance legislation and no German Gambling authority or any sort.

In January 2012, in an attempt to better combat illegal/online gambling, Schleswig-Holstein (one of the Bundesländer) passed an extremely liberal gambling law that enabled online operators to apply licences for most games of chance such as sports bets, poker and casino games. The other fifteen German federal states passed the reformed Interstate Treaty on Gambling 2012 (ISTG). Although the ISTG lead to an increase in liberalisation, it also maintained the state monopoly for various games such as lotteries. So with regards to lottery games, there was little to no liberalisation.

At the beginning of 2020, the latest version of the ISTG came into force, allowing an unlimited number of sports betting licenses to be issued. The ISTG will expire in June 2021, so the state legislators have until then to pass a new Treaty. However, expected is that this ISTG is to provide more liberalisation for games of chance in general.

As stated above, the ISTG maintained the monopoly model of the state lotteries. While most countries only have one state lottery, Germany actually has 16: one for every state, which operate in unison under Deutsche Lotto- und Totoblock (DLTB). All of these state lotteries are allowed to conduct their businesses across Germany. Instead of an independent gaming authority, regional councils are entrusted with licensing and supervision in their jurisdiction. In addition to these state lotteries, Klassenlotterien (class lotteries) and Soziallotterien (social lotteries) exist.